Avitaminosis can cause serious harm to health, disrupt the immune system, provoke the development of serious diseases. In order to determine in time what vitamins a woman’s body lacks, it is necessary to undergo a comprehensive examination in a medical institution with mandatory testing. To diagnose the deficiency of each of the substances, the necessary equipment is present only in some private clinics. For this reason, it is important to be able to recognize the symptoms of avitaminosis yourself.
The most important vitamins for a woman
Avitaminosis has a negative impact on the work of the organs and body systems of each person. However, for women, the shortage is particularly acute, as it leads to deterioration of the hair, nails and skin, contributes to the development of obesity.
Vitamin deficiency has a drastic effect on the appearance of the fair sex:
- Group B.
In women after 45–50 years, the production of anabolic hormones (testosterone, estrogens, somatropin) begins to decline sharply, which leads to a deterioration in the digestibility of vitamins from food. In this connection, it is not always possible to fill their deficit with an increase in the volume of fruits and vegetables in the diet. In this situation, it is recommended to use special vitamin complexes for mature women.
Symptoms and signs of a lack of vitamins
The deficiency of each vitamin is manifested by specific signs. By adjusting the intake of vitamin preparations and (or) making changes in the diet, it is possible to quickly eliminate vitamin deficiencies and improve the normal functioning of the body.
It should be borne in mind that an excess (hypervitaminosis) can cause harm to the body no less than their lack. For this reason, on the eve of taking the drugs, it is recommended to consult with your doctor.
Deficiency of the substance in the body leads to the development of night blindness - a condition in which dark adaptation of the organs of vision deteriorates. There are skin lesions (seborrhea, dermatitis), inflammatory processes of the mucous membranes of the intestines, disruption of the pulmonary and urogenital systems.
The lack of retinol reduces the protective functions of the body, making it more susceptible to infectious diseases.
The daily rate for adult women is 700 mcg per day.
Vitamins of group B
Shortage leads to malfunction of almost all organs and body systems. The specific symptoms for each subgroup of vitamin B are as follows:
- B1 - obesity and decreased performance;
- B2 - dizziness, weakness, skin diseases, reduced visual acuity;
- B3, PP (nicotinic acid) - digestive disorders, rapid change in body weight;
- B6 - increased fatigue, sleep disturbance;
- B9 (folic acid) - reducing the protective properties of the body (frequent development of colds, the appearance of nail fungus), pale complexion;
- B12 - irritability, pressure surges, decreased performance and pale skin.
Lack of ascorbic acid is expressed by weakening of the immune system, bleeding gums, pallor and dry skin, prolonged healing of cuts and skin punctures.
Women with a deficiency of ascorbic acid in the body suffer from fatigue, decreased muscle strength and endurance, they can loosen and fall out teeth, appear vascular stars on the face.
The established rate of consumption of a substance for women is 75 mg per day.
An insufficient amount of a substance in the body can lead to increased bone fragility and osteoporosis, decreased immunity, muscle pain. It has been found that insomnia and mental decline are associated with a lack of substance.
The average daily dose for a woman is 600 IU.
Deficiency of a substance is manifested by a decrease in the metabolic rate, an increase in blood levels of sugar and cholesterol, and irregular blood pressure.
Vitamin P is absorbed only with ascorbic acid. The daily dosage for an adult woman is 40-50 mg.
The lack of substance is most often manifested in women living in areas contaminated by radioactive substances, and those whose work involves regular contact with poisons and toxins. The main signs of beriberi: fatigue, muscular dystrophy, infertility, impaired brain and liver.
The consumption rate depends on the region of residence and can range from 12 to 25 mg per day.
How to determine that the body does not have enough vitamins
The only reliable way to determine avitaminosis is testing. Blood, hair, nails, urine can be used as a biomaterial for research. If the test is carried out by blood, it is necessary to take it in the morning on an empty stomach - at least 10 hours should pass from the last meal. The result of the study will be ready within 24 hours.
Doctors advise regular screening for vitamin deficiency in women living in unfavorable environmental zones, working in heavy or hazardous industries, during their long-term diet.
It is mandatory to pass these tests to women who are planning a pregnancy.
Symptoms of beriberi can often be similar to signs of infectious and functional diseases of organs and body systems. Therefore, it is not necessary to write off all negative changes in appearance to a lack of vitamins - the reason can be much more serious. To establish an accurate diagnosis and prescription of treatment, a full medical examination should be performed.